Consciousness experiments appear to be designed to support the theory they are testing.
Researchers at Tel-Aviv University have used AI to examine 412 experiments designed to test four leading theories of consciousness. These are Global Neuronal Workspace Theory, Higher Order Thought Theory, Recurrent Processing Theory and Integrated Information Theory. Amusingly, depending on your perspective, they concluded that the experiments were largely designed to support the theory that the experiment was meant to be testing. As Karl Popper famously proposed, theories must be empirically falsifiable. In order to achieve that, experiments needed to be designed to challenge theories in a rigorous manner. They are not meant to be there just to prop up the theory. Back to the drawing board, maybe?
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