Insights into true imitation-based learning.
The purpose of the mirror neuron system remains in dispute. But there may be some agreement amongst researchers that it has a role in imitation. The authors are not talking about repetition of simple acts. Their aim is to explain more general learning by way of imitation. This is the sort of imitation that allows the observer to deal with novel situations involving learning. Their research implicates specific brain regions at the heart of which, they suggest, is the mirror neuron circuit.
Link to paper: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0896627304001813
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