Neuroscience might come to the rescue of computer science once again.

Over the last 20 years or so, we have discovered that a great deal of the brain computation occurs within individual neurons. This is in addition to the computation that takes place between neurons, ie at the synapse. Dendrites, the feathery receptors of neurons, appear to be able to perform all 16 basic Boolean operations on their own. AI researchers have now discovered that artificial neurons benefit greatly from being designed with their own artificial version of dendrites too. They do not forget the first task on which they have been trained when they learn a second task in addition, or indeed a third and a fourth. They also appear to be able to work more efficiently. The more we learn about the brain, the better our AI will become.

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